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Tax disc changes: How they will affect you and what you need to do

MANY driving laws and rule changes have been introduced in 2017. Here is a breakdown of all the new driving laws, legislation and rule changes, you should be aware of or risk facing fines, driving bans or even a criminal record. Car tax From April 1st, car tax rates increased in the UK which could mean millions of drivers end up paying more money to tax their vehicle. Britons who bought and registered cars on April 1st or after that date would have to pay the new tax rates. Only electric cars which produce zero emissions and cost less than £40,000 will be completely exempt from the car tax rates. Cars costing over £40,000 will be expected to pay an additional £310 surcharge on top of the car tax rate for five years. Cars registered after the date will be expected to pay a standard rate for their car tax after the first year rate. Here are the new rates: CO2 emissions(g/km) for petrol and diesel cars (hybrids will pay £10 less) -0g/km - £0 -1 - 50g/km - £10 -51 - 75g/km - £25 -76 - 90g/km - £100 -91 - 100g/km -£120 -101 - 110g/km - £140 -111 - 130g/km - £160 -131 - 150g/km -£200 -151 - 170g/km -£500 -171 - 190g/km - £800 -191 - 225g/km -£1,200 -226 - 255g/km - £1,700 -Over 255g/km - £2,000 This standard rate charge will vary for drivers depending on what type of car they are and what fuel they use. -£140 per year for petrol and diesel vehicles -£130 per year for ‘alternative fuel’ vehicles, such as hybrids -£0 per year for zero emissions vehicles, such as fully electric Speeding fines Under the new rules, which were introduced on April 24, drivers can be charged up to 175 per cent of their weekly wage. There is a cap of £1,000 on minor speeding offences or up to £2,500 for major ones. A three band system will determine the severity of an offence and corresponds to different charges. These charges are calculated on a percentage basis. A minor offence constitutes a band A charge. Band A charges are for drivers who exceed the stated speed limit between one and 10mph. So, if a driver travels 31mph up to 40mph in a 30mph zone, they can be charged between 25 per cent and 75 per cent of their weekly income. Drivers who exceed the stated speed limit by 11mph up to 20mph will be charged between 75 per cent and 125 per cent of their wage. Major offences, which are for speed limit breaches of up 22mph and above will be charged between 125 per cent and 175 per cent of their week wage. In addition to the variable fee motorists could land themselves with a driving offence of this nature, they could also receive between three and six penalty points. Child car seats On March 1st child car seat and booster seat regulations changed. Under the new rules, it is illegal to have your child’s car seat fitted incorrectly. Under the new rules, only children who weigh 22kg or more, or are 4ft 10in (125cm) tall will be recommended to use the backless booster seats. All children who are under 12 years old or less than 4ft 5in tall (135 cm) will be required to travel in car seat. Once the child is older than 12 or reaches the height guideline, then they will be allowed to travel in the regular adult car seas. Only EU approved seats can be used in the UK. Here is what you need to look out for to ensure you're buying an appropriate seat: Make sure you also check for an orange ‘approved’ label. On the orange approved labels there should be a capital E as well as the code R129. This signifies therefore it is a correct and suitable seat to buy. If your baby is 15 months old or younger, their car seat must be rear-facing, any child older than that can ride in a forward-facing seat. Car seats should be replaced when a baby's head is level with the top of the seat. Babies that are under 9kg should also travel in a baby carrier and not a child seat. When fitting a seat parents must ensure that only a belt with a diagonal strap is used unless the seats are specifically designed for use with a lap belt or you use ISOFIX anchor points. It should be noted that if you are caught with an 'unsuitable' or wrongly fitted car seat then you could charged £500 Mobile phone driving laws Tougher punishments for motorists caught using their mobile phone while driving were introduced on March 1 2017. The penalty for using a mobile phone while driving has now doubled to £200 and six penalty points on your licence. Drivers will have their licences revoked if they clock up six penalty points in their first two years of driving, rather than the normal 12 points. Additionally, if your case goes to court, you could face disqualification and up to a £1,000 fine. HGV and bus drivers could get a fine of up to £2,500 . Hands free and use of navigation apps can be used if the phone is mounted into a holder. Even if the phone is mounted, drivers can still be pulled over and fined if the device can be deemed to be distracting them. The rule is that motorists must not touch their phone at all while driving.


How it works Why its required? Engine carbon deposits have a measurable effect on performance, emissions and fuel economy. Routine carbon cleaning has been shown to prevent these problems, and remedial cleaning removes more severe deposits that have already formed. Carbon deposits have been a problem for the Internal combustion engine since it was invented. It is a known fact that carbon deposits in Internal Combustion Engines reduce engine performance, reduce fuel efficiency, shorten engine/equipment/parts life and increase engine out emissions. In the quest to improve engine performance, reduce pollutants in the atmosphere and increase engine fuel efficiency. Governments all over the world are increasing emission regulations. To meet these ever increasing regulations manufacturers are employing additional emission controls to the Internal Combustion engines. Simply put, the manufactures are asking the Internal combustion engine to do more things than it was ever designed to do. As a result, the carbon deposit problem has become more frequent and severe, creating a whole new set of problems and challenges. Many technicians and managers are well aware that severe combustion chamber carbon build up can create significant driveability issues with today’s engines. It’s all too rare, however, for them to focus on the fact that carbon build up and slowly deteriorating injector performance is a gradual process that not only affects engine performance but fuel economy as well. Despite this info, the vast majority of these potential issues remain unsolved. What is a Engine Carbon Cleaning Machine? Engine Carbon Cleaning is a process where a machine equipped with a Hydrogen Generator, and by the use electrolysis of distilled water, creates Oxy-Hydrogen Gas. Once the hydrogen gas is produced, it is simply transferred into the engine thru a tube into the air intake of the vehicle being cleaned . How does HYDROGEN clean carbon deposit in the engine? When hydrogen (H2) enters the compression chamber via the engine intake manifold, without pressure in petrol or diesel engines, the temperature in the engine causes the hydrogen molecules (H2) to “tear up” the hydrogen protons (2H +). Active H + reacts with the carbon deposits and the oxide within the engine. The Carbon and sludge is chemically transforming into hydrocarbon (HC) in the gaseous state and throws it out of the engine through the exhaust system. After treatment, there is no need to change engine oil and filter. The machine acts to restore the optimum performance of your engine. Using hydrogen technology, carbon deposits are removed from the inner workings of the engine, which naturally build up during the lifetime of the vehicle. By removing unwanted carbon build up, further engine deterioration and damage can be avoided. This will keep your engine working more effectively and smoothly for longer, creating an enhanced driving experience. The technology works with all types of vehicle’s – from motorbikes to planes if it has a combustion engine then it can be cleaned. Both petrol and diesel and LPG engines will show improvements irrespective of vehicle age and/or value. The Truth The effect of carbon cleaning on your Engine is dependent on how “dirty” the engine is.This is down to a number of different things, driving style, mileage, fuel used etc. The below list will give you an idea of whether it’s something you would be likely to benefit from. 1) Constant Low rev driving. 2) Short journeys. 3) Lots of stop-start journeys. 4) Long idling. 5) Poor quality fuel I.E. IF the engine doesn’t get worked hard & hot, then yes it will most likely have more carbon build up. Taxis and buses are worst as they are sat idling and often short stop-start journeys at low MPH/revs . IF your car is suffering reduced MPG and IF the cause is carbon build up then yes the engine clean should recover/reclaim that MPG lost due to the systems being dirty. IF (and it’s always a IF) ANY aspect of your cars performance (noise, roughness, idling, hunting, MPG lower, emissions, flat spots, throttle response, sticking EGR/throttle body/swirl flaps) are affected from carbon build up then the Carbon Cleaning will have a positive effect. Of course, IF any mechanical aspect (swirl flaps for example or EGR valve,turbo) has seized/blocked completely or broken then no amount of carbon cleaning will sort it. Carbon cleaning can’t fix things that are fully blocked or broken these would need to be replaced,stripped and cleaned, fixed. All a carbon clean can do is exactly that. Clean, it’s not magic if it’s dirty it will help, if it’s not dirty it won’t. What it will help do if your engine is clean, is prevent carbon build up so your engine remains clean (look at it like preventative maintenance you’re stopping issues before they can start)


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